Contact isolation is a method of isolation for infectious diseases in which pathogens enter the body through the skin or mucous membranes. Suitable for tetanus, rabies, gas anthrax, sexually transmitted diseases, etc.
With rest measures:
1. It is best to live in separate rooms.
2. Wear isolation gowns when in close contact with patients. Staff with broken hands or skin should avoid operations such as dressing change or nursing, and wear rubber gloves when necessary.
3. Articles, equipment, dressings, etc. contaminated by wound secretions or skin desquamation must be strictly disinfected.
4. All contaminated items touched by the patient should be sterilized first and then cleaned.
Insect isolation is a method of isolation for diseases transmitted by pathogens through insects. It is suitable for Japanese encephalitis, epidemic hemorrhagic fever, malaria.
1. Japanese encephalitis and malaria are spread by mosquito bites, so indoor mosquito prevention measures should be provided.
2. Epidemic hemorrhagic fever, which is transmitted by wild mice, is transmitted by mite stings.
3. Typhus and relapsing fever are transmitted by lice. The patient must be treated with lice control, and enter the ward after bathing and changing clothes.
Blood-body fluid isolation is a method of isolation for infectious diseases caused by pathogens spreading through blood-body fluids. Suitable for: hepatitis B, AIDS, etc.
1. Patients suffering from the same disease should be placed in a room, but patients whose bleeding cannot be controlled should be isolated alone.
2. Wear gloves when contacting blood-body fluid contaminants. Try to avoid damaging the skin when working.
3. When other personnel are contaminated by the patient's blood and body fluids, and items that are not suitable for disinfection by other methods are infiltrated, immediately wipe and disinfect with 5.25% sodium hypochlorite.
4. The used disposable syringes, needles, and infusion sets must undergo strict disinfection treatment before they can be sent to the supply room for disposal, or placed in puncture-resistant containers for special marking and then sent out for centralized destruction.
Protective isolation is a specific method of isolation for certain patients who are particularly immune or susceptible to infection, in order to protect them from other infections. Suitable for severe burns, premature infants, blood diseases, bone marrow transplantation, kidney transplantation, etc.
1. The patients are isolated separately.
2. Contact patients must wash their hands, even disinfect their hands, wear a hat, wear isolation clothes and isolation shoes.
3. Wipe all furniture floors in the sick room with disinfectant every day; use ultraviolet rays to disinfect the air 1 to 2 times a day, each time for 60 minutes.
4. Minimize the number of people entering the room. Medical staff who suffer from respiratory diseases or pharynx carriers should avoid contact with patients.
Suitable for patients with weakened immunity.
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