Isolation technology places the source of infection and highly susceptible people in designated places and special environments, temporarily avoiding contact with surrounding people. Isolate infectious patients from the source of infection and cut off the route of infection; adopt protective isolation for susceptible people.
Tight isolation is an isolation designed for infectious diseases with high infectiousness and high mortality. It is suitable for severe infectious diseases that are directly or indirectly transmitted through droplets, secretions, and excrement. Such as: plague, cholera, anthrax, etc.
1. Live in a single ward, with isolation signs outside the door, and do not open doors and windows at will. The sick are forbidden to leave the ward and visit.
2. In contact with such patients, you must wear a hat, isolation clothes and isolation shoes, and rubber gloves when necessary.
3. All materials that are deemed to be polluted as soon as they enter the ward should be strictly disinfected or destroyed; patient secretions, vomits and excrement should be strictly disinfected.
4. Others are carried out according to general disinfection isolation and terminal disinfection treatment.
Respiratory tract isolation is a method of isolation for diseases transmitted by pathogens through the respiratory tract. Suitable for: measles, flu, whooping cough, open tuberculosis and other diseases.
1. Place patients with the same type of disease in one room, close the doors and windows leading to the corridor from the room, and close the doors at will.
2. Wear a mask, hat, and isolation gown when contacting patients.
3. Patient's mouth and nose secretions need to be disinfected.
4. Pay attention to the ventilation of the ward, and carry out ultraviolet light irradiation or peracetic acid spray disinfection every night.
Digestive tract isolation is a method of isolation for diseases that pathogens spread by contaminating food, drinking water, eating utensils or hands and causing them to spread by mouth. Suitable for typhoid fever, paratyphoid fever, hepatitis A, bacillary dysentery, etc.
1. It is best to live in separate rooms for different types of diseases. Bedside isolation must be done when living in the same room.
2. Commonly used therapeutic equipment should be fixed and dedicated.
3. Each patient should have his own eating utensils and toilet, and his excrement, vomit and leftover food must be disinfected and discharged.
4. Nursing staff must wear isolation gowns according to the type of disease and disinfect their hands.
5. The ward should have anti-flies equipment.
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