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How to distinguish between protective clothing, isolation gown and surgical gown?

Disposable isolation gowns are used for medical staff to avoid contamination by blood, body fluids, and other infectious substances, or to protect patients from infection. Isolation gowns not only prevent infection or contamination of medical staff, but also prevent infection of patients, it is a two-way isolation.


Disposable protective equipment worn by clinical medical staff when contacting patients with Class A or infectious diseases managed under Class A infectious diseases. Protective clothing is to prevent infection of medical staff and is a single item of isolation.


Disposable surgical gowns are divided into two types: standard performance and high performance. The high-performance surgical gown is suitable for operations where there is known infectious virus in the blood of patients or when it is unknown whether there is infectious virus in the blood during emergency rescue, while the standard performance surgical gown is suitable for operations where there is no infectious virus in the blood of known patients.


In terms of appearance, protective clothing is well distinguished from isolation gowns and surgical gowns. Surgical gowns and isolation gowns are not easy to distinguish. They can be distinguished according to the length of the waistband (the waistband of the isolation gown should be tied to the front and the waistband of the surgical gown should be tied to the back).

isolation suit


From a functional point of view, the three have intersections. The requirements for disposable surgical gowns and protective clothing are significantly higher than those for disposable isolation gowns. In the case of common clinical use of isolation gowns (such as contact isolation of multi-drug resistant bacteria), disposable surgical gowns and isolation gowns can be interoperable, but where disposable surgical gowns must be used cannot be replaced by isolation gowns.


From the perspective of the putting on and taking off process, the difference between isolation gown and surgical gown is as follows:


1) When putting on and taking off the isolation gown, pay attention to the clean surface to avoid contamination, while the surgical gown pays more attention to aseptic operation;

2) Isolation gowns can be completed by one person, but surgical gowns must be assisted by an assistant;

3) Isolation gowns can be used repeatedly without pollution. Hang it in the corresponding area after use, and the surgical gown must be cleaned, disinfected/sterilized and used after wearing it once. Disposable protective clothing is commonly used clinically in microbiology laboratories, negative pressure wards for infectious diseases, Ebola, avian flu and other epidemics to protect medical staff from pathogens.


The use of the three is an important measure for the hospital to prevent and control the occurrence of infection, and it plays an important role in protecting patients and medical workers.


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